To browse Academia. Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Download Free PDF. At home at the Castle. At home at the Castle, Martin Rundkvist. This book is a study of lifestyles at these sites, based on new excavations and finds, a survey of previous ones as well as the relevant written sources. This is his seventh book. Front cover image: An aristocratic snowball fight in the s at Buonconsiglio Castle in Trento, northern Italy.

Castel Presule

There are interesting archaeological remains all over the Godolphin estate dating from the Bronze Age up to the 19th and early 20th centuries. Discover how generations of the Godolphin family displayed their wealth and status through creating impressive works and facilities across their estate. At over years old, the house at Godolphin is one of Cornwall’s most spectacular, but head outside and there’s even more to see and do.

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In , it was set on fire by Bernese troops. It represents the most outstanding example of a small group of Vaud castles dating from the Late Middle Ages.

Three cannons on the coast of Valletta, Malta. Despite its small size, Malta’s history is pretty epic. The audio-visual presentation at Valletta’s Malta Experience Museum takes less than an hour of your time and explains everything from the country’s early origins as a trade hub to its role in the World War II resistance movements. Or check out Neolithic pottery and prehistoric art at the National Museum of Archaeology.

John’s Co-Cathedral in Valletta, Malta. Valletta’s streets tell a living history, from churches like St. Paul’s Anglican Cathedral and St. John’s Co-Cathedral, to military buildings such as Fort St. Elmo and the Lascaris War Rooms. Don’t miss the Grand Master’s Palace, with everything from 16th-century armor to 18th-century tapestries depicting the first expeditions to the New World. If you still doubt whether Malta is the sparkling treasure it appears to be from afar, take a walk around Valletta’s imposing city walls.

Hike up to their highest point at Upper Baracca Gardens, where you’ll be met with gorgeous views of the historic city and the sparkling blue Mediterranean.

The Rise of the Godolphin Estate

Many of our historic sites are now open, but the HES Archives and Library are currently closed to visitors. In the meantime, you can access our services online. Find out more. Ordnance Survey licence number

The ruins of St Andrews Castle stand on a headland to the north of the town of St This is a ruined castle dating back to the mid-fifteenth century and built for.

Free, open access through a gate. Can walk around, outside and inside the ruins. Built up above It may be There has apparently been a motte at this site since the 12th Century which would probably have taken the form of a raised mound with a wooden fortification on top. The stone ruins which exist today are thought to date from around the 16th or 17th Century. The original castle dates back to a time when Thor Longus of the Merse was Overlord of the Barony of Crawford and it is thought that his descendants were the first to use the family name Crawford.

The site was important as it guarded a main route between Scotland and England, a fact not lost on the Romans, who earlier between 80 AD and AD had built a series of forts on ground across the present day road from the Castle near Crawford Castle House and opposite the abandoned cottage to allow them to patrol their road which they had established nearby, east of the Castle ruins.

The third incarnation of their fort occupied a 2. There are also many hill forts pre-dating the Romans which exist in the surrounding hills, three alone on Castle Hill off Camps Road.

A lovely drive: the Gaiole in Chianti castles trail

Follow transcelticism. Transceltic on Youtube. This is situated about two miles north from Perth off the A The house and grounds are open to the public and offer a range of facilities.

Tarves Tomb, dating to the late s, is the only surviving fragment of the church. It was built by master mason Thomas Leiper, who’d just completed construction of Tolquhon Castle. Gavin Dunbar in St Machars Cathedral, which was probably built in the s. The roofless ruins of Tolquhon Castle on a sunny day.

Priory church of St Mary, Castle Acre. Read the captions by hovering over the images, and click on them to see them enlarged. William de Warenne, the new Earl of Surrey, was also pleased to receive Lewes, Conisborough and Acre as part of his windfall, and brought monks from the abbey at Cluny to set up a priory at Lewes. When this thrived, it spawned a daughter house here at Castle Acre.

Considering that the Priory was never intended to be home to more than 30 monks, the church is massive, and easily readable from what remains. The vast west front is the most familiar aspect, dating from the s, although the massive window punched into the top is from perhaps a century later.


Carmarthen is probably best known for its legendary connections to Merlin and its Roman Heritage but it is certainly not a town that is stuck in the past. Carmarthen is the oldest continually occupied town in Wales, proud of its Roman origins as well as its links with the Arthurian legends of Merlin. The free museum is packed with plenty more treasures including mammoth bones, Roman gold and Egyptian artefacts.

Monea Castle ruins – Co Fermanagh, Northern Ireland Castle Ruins, Castle House, great pirate Queen Grace O’Malley also known as Granuaile ( – ). ‘Killyleagh Castle Dating from the 17th Century, County Down, Northern​.

Stirling Castle , located in Stirling , is one of the largest and most important castles in Scotland , both historically and architecturally. The castle sits atop Castle Hill, an intrusive crag , which forms part of the Stirling Sill geological formation. It is surrounded on three sides by steep cliffs, giving it a strong defensive position. Its strategic location, guarding what was, until the s, the farthest downstream crossing of the River Forth , has made it an important fortification in the region from the earliest times.

Most of the principal buildings of the castle date from the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. A few structures of the fourteenth century remain, while the outer defences fronting the town date from the early eighteenth century. Before the union with England, Stirling Castle was also one of the most used of the many Scottish royal residences, very much a palace as well as a fortress.

Several Scottish Kings and Queens have been crowned at Stirling, including Mary, Queen of Scots , in , and others were born or died there. There have been at least eight sieges of Stirling Castle , including several during the Wars of Scottish Independence , with the last being in , when Bonnie Prince Charlie unsuccessfully tried to take the castle. Castle Hill, on which Stirling Castle is built, forms part of the Stirling Sill , a formation of quartz-dolerite around million years old, which was subsequently modified by glaciation to form a ” crag and tail “.

Historic Scotland

Find the experience that’s right for you. Find places to sleep during your trip. Steep hills, oak forests, olive groves and remote vineyards distinguish the area.

Visit castles and gardens with Scotland’s Best B&Bs in Edinburgh, Highlands, Drumnadrochit – Picturesque ruins on the banks of Loch Ness, 15 miles from Inverness. 8 miles south-east of Turriff – Historic castle dating back to the 13th century The original tower had an extension added to it by the 3rd Earl in to.

The historical area grew around the royal residence, the customary court and the holy tree, as well as the royal funeral places. Mbanza Kongo illustrates, more than anywhere in sub-Saharan Africa, the profound changes caused by the introduction of Christianity and the arrival of the Portuguese into Central Africa. From to , 12 kings succeeded one another at the head of the powerful Kingdom of Abomey. With the exception of King Akaba, who had his own separate enclosure, they all had their palaces built within the same cob-wall area, in keeping with previous palaces as regards the use of space and materials.

The royal palaces of Abomey are a unique reminder of this vanished kingdom. With one of the highest concentrations of rock art in the world, Tsodilo has been called the ”Louvre of the Desert”. Over 4, paintings are preserved in an area of only 10 km2 of the Kalahari Desert. The archaeological record of the area gives a chronological account of human activities and environmental changes over at least , years. Local communities in this hostile environment respect Tsodilo as a place of worship frequented by ancestral spirits.

The 11,m2 property, the first to be inscribed in the country, with its imposing stone walls is the best preserved of ten fortresses in the Lobi area and is part of a larger group of stone enclosures that bear testimony to the power of the trans-Saharan gold trade. The settlement was occupied by the Lohron or Koulango peoples, who controlled the extraction and transformation of gold in the region when it reached its apogee from the 14th to the 17th century.

Much mystery surrounds this site large parts of which have yet to be excavated. The settlement seems to have been abandoned during some periods during its long history. The property which was finally deserted in the early 19th century is expected to yield much more information.

Tor Castle

France is one of the most culturally and historically rich countries in the world, a fact attested by the millions of people who visit it each year. There is something about France that inspires our imaginations. Below is our list of the most extraordinary castles in France to visit. Due to its beauty, it was often disputed between powerful French women like Queen Catherine de Medici and Diane de Poitiers. Besides the fairy-tale exterior with towers and turrets, the interiors of the castle are also stunning, housing magnificent art collections and Renaissance furniture and tapestries.

Closing time varies between to according to season.

Lifestyles at the Medieval strongholds of Östergötland, AD Linköping Castle becomes an episcopal res- Coins date the stronghold’s foundation Indeed, though the ruins, and so the workspace of the smith is as as we have seen.

You can now search our website to see what businesses are open and signed up to the Good to Go scheme. Find more advice on exploring Scotland during Covid on our dedicated page. Our private group visits five unique Scottish castles. Looking for things to do in Edinburgh? Linlithgow Palace features in both of these films. The castle provides the setting for Fort William, as the original fort no longer exists. The first castle was built in the middle of the 15th century by Sir George Crichton , Earl of Caithness , a member of one of the most powerful families in Scotland.

From then on the castle was mainly used as a prison. In Cardinal Beaton was held here for a month. He was instructed to make the castle safe from artillery , and he achieved this by making the south and east walls very thick. A new tower was built at the south end. In the s , in the reign of Mary Queen of Scots , a Spur was built to protect the main gate.

In the s the castle was the main ammunition depot for Scotland.

Stirling Castle

The map with links and the alphabetical list of those of the Scottish Castles, Stately Homes and Houses that I have visited since All the photos attached are self-taken while visiting the places. You will see the photos by clicking after each name. Abbotsford House , Borders, home of Sir Walter Scott , full of memorabilia relating to the famous writer Alloa Tower , Clackmannanshire, is one of the largest tower houses in Scotland and dates from the 14th century.

The Erskine family has owned it since around and the property is now being managed by the National Trust of Scotland in partnership with Clackmannanshire Council.

cused upon the dramatic setting of the ruined castles, with the Buck. Brothers sketching was not mentioned in the documents until , by which date it was in. ruins Henry VIII’s coastal fortifications of the s and s marked the.

Tarves Tomb, dating to the late s, is the only surviving fragment of the church. This was to be the final resting place of Sir William Forbes and his wife Elizabeth Gordon, the laird and lady of Tolquhon. The tomb was in one of two aisles added to the church. A description written in indicates that one was for the Gordons of Haddo and one was for the Forbes of Tolquhon. The tomb, built in red sandstone, is largely complete.

Its chest has an arcaded Gothic front, and the enclosing arch features some heavy Gothic cusping. Sir William and Lady Elizabeth are depicted in portrait statuettes supporting the arch. Sir William wears a flat cap, a ruff, a puffed and slashed doublet and knee breeches. Lady Elizabeth wears a long embroidered gown with full sleeves and a ruff. The tomb appears to have been inspired by the tomb of Bishop Gavin Dunbar in St Machars Cathedral, which was probably built in the s.

Read detailed information on our online catalogue of Scotland’s heritage. Join Historic Scotland to visit our properties free of charge for a full year and support our work at the same time. Use one of our fantastic locations on your next shoot for an awe-inspiring backdrop to your work. See the past brought to life by the imaginative year-round programme of events at our properties.

Places to visit

One of the best-preserved medieval castles in Scotland, the magnificent Craigmillar Castle is a peaceful and modest yet beautiful counterpart to Edinburgh Castle. Its construction began in the late 14th century but was not completed until the 16th…. Dramatically situated above Dollar Glen is the forbidding looking 15th-century fortress, Castle Campbell. The castle was the lowland stronghold of the powerful Campbell earls of Argyll, who were seldom far from the major political and religious events….

Craignethan, dating back to around , is an important early artillery fortification with an exceptional residential tower and fine setting. The oldest part is the tower house built by Sir James Hamilton of Finnart.

Stirling Castle, located in Stirling, is one of the largest and most important castles in Scotland, Most of the principal buildings of the castle date from the fifteenth and sixteenth Warwolf is believed to have been a large trebuchet, which destroyed the It was begun in the s, and was largely complete by the late s.

O ther Welsh castles are not so fortunate, and there are several reasons why these castles have disappeared from the landscape. First, many medieval castles were never fortified in stone, and none of these so-called earth and timber castles that dominated Britain for a century and half have survived. The reason is simple; stone lasts – wood does not. Nevertheless, impressive earthworks survive at many of these vanished sites.

Another reason castles have disappeared is because of neglect and purposeful destruction. As the Middle Ages drew to a close, castles were largely abandoned in favor of more comfortable residences. Afterwards many castles were used as convenient quarries for houses, churches, and even fences in nearby communities. Other castles suffered the indignation of being purposely “slighted” or destroyed following the Civil War in order to render them indefensible.

T oday these castles lack substantial masonry remains, however some of them played important parts in the history of medieval Wales and therefore deserve our attention. Fortunately many of these sites are found in areas of outstanding beauty, which, in my opinion, more than makes up for a lack of standing ruins. Remember, a castle experience is not always about stone and mortar; location is important too.

I have assembled below a collection of these castles as a quick reference guide. Each short entry provides a link to that castle’s main page where you’ll find additional information and photographs. The entries here are limited to castles for which we have at least one or two decent photographs of the site.

Ardvreck Castle, Sutherland . 4K

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